As the threats to Germany and the European war have become increasingly evident, opinions have changed. Chamberlain was awarded for his role as one of the “Men of Munich” in books such as the Guilty Men of 1940. A rare defence of the wartime accord came in 1944 from Viscount Maugham, who had been the Lord`s chancellor. Maugham regarded the decision to establish a Czechoslovakian state with large German and Hungarian minorities as a “dangerous experiment” in the face of previous disputes and described the agreement, which stemmed mainly from the need for France to free itself from its contractual obligations in the face of its vagueness to war.  After the war, Churchill`s memoirs of that time, The Gathering Storm (1948), claimed that Chamberlain`s appeasement of Hitler had been wrong in Munich, and noted Churchill`s pre-war warnings about Hitler`s plan of attack and Britain`s folly of disarmament after Germany reached air parity with Britain. While acknowledging that Chamberlain was acting for noble reasons, Churchill argued that Hitler should have resisted in Czechoslovakia and that efforts had to be made to involve the Soviet Union. Before leaving Munich, Chamberlain and Hitler signed a document in which they explained their common desire to settle disputes through consultations to ensure peace. Daladier and Chamberlain both returned home to welcome exhilarating and acclaimed people, relieved that the danger of war had passed, and Chamberlain told the British public that he had “achieved peace with honour. I believe that this is peace for our time. His words were immediately defied by his greatest critic, Winston Churchill, who declared: “They had a choice between war and dishonour. You chose the disenchred, and you`re going to go to war. Indeed, Chamberlain`s policy was discredited the following year, when Hitler annexed the rest of Czechoslovakia in March, and then triggered World War II with the invasion of Poland in September. The Munich Agreement became synonymous with the futility of appeasement of the expansionist totalitarian states, although it bought time for the Allies to increase their military will.